Acknowledgement: we thank Ariel Gabizon, Daira Hopwood, Kobi Gurkan, Pratyush Mishra (in alphabetical order) for their kindly reviews and insightful comments.

In this article we brief three directions on optimizing PLONK, which is a polynomial interactive oracle proofs (IOP) zkSNARK systems. …


Acknowledgement: we would like to thank barryWhiteHat, Jordi Baylina, Koh Wei Jie (in alphabetical order) for their insightful feedbacks.

Prerequisites: basic programming and blockchain knowledge, no cryptography background needed.

Currently, major expectations on blockchain technology are further scaling, higher performance and lower costs. In this post, we will dive into…


Dex trading, but serious

CEXs have been criticized a lot for their custody scheme. Recently, a top CEX in China ran into issues and users were not able to withdraw their funds for a month.

We believe in “Not your keys, not your coin”, and therefore want to build a better DEX for crypto…

Fluid Dex

Building the first PLONK layer2 DEX on Ethereum

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